These NYPD officers got to keep their jobs despite arrests

These NYPD officers got to keep their jobs despite arrests

On a chilly December morning simply earlier than daybreak, NYPD Officer Candice Smith acquired into her Dodge Caliber and careened eight miles within the incorrect course down a Lengthy Island freeway, narrowly avoiding what might have simply been a tragedy.

Smith — who’d been an NYPD patrol officer for 3 years on the time of the 2011 incident — was so intoxicated, her blood alcohol degree was greater than twice the authorized restrict, police stated after her arrest. 

5-and-a-half years later, Smith discovered herself again in handcuffs when she was busted for assault within the Bronx after which once more in June 2020 in Queens, when she was arrested for drunk driving a second time, public data present. 

Regardless of the three arrests, Smith, 37, remains to be a member of the NYPD and, most just lately, spent her days watching surveillance cameras from Brooklyn public housing complexes — gathering her full wage, plus tens of 1000’s in further compensation, data present.

“I’m an incredible police officer,” Smith, who made $99,516 final yr and is now within the strategy of leaving the division, informed The Publish when requested for touch upon her arrests outdoors her Queens house. 

“Unhealthy choices are unhealthy choices however I’m an incredible police officer.” 

Smith is one in every of at the least 16 cops who had been arrested between 2017 and 2021 and allowed to maintain their jobs — even after an NYPD administrative trial decide discovered them responsible of the acts they had been accused of, a Publish investigation has discovered. 

“Unhealthy choices are unhealthy choices however I’m an incredible police officer,” Candice Smith stated.LinkedIn

Apart from felony convictions, offenses that violate an officer’s oath of workplace or some home violence-related crimes — which all require automated termination — disciplinary penalties are meted out and selected completely by the NYPD’s police commissioner, no matter what a division decide recommends or how extreme or minor the case is.

All of them had been accused of offenses that, if convicted, would have required automated termination underneath state or federal regulation — together with assault, menacing, stalking, strangulation and aggravated harassment — however their circumstances all noticed favorable outcomes in legal court docket.

It’s not clear why the officers had been allowed to maintain their positions underneath the NYPD’s arcane disciplinary system, which has lengthy been shrouded in secrecy, criticized for its lack of transparency and accused of being nepotistic.  

Breaking the regulation they’re alleged to uphold

The 16 officers are amongst 445 NYPD workers who had been arrested between 2017-2021 for crimes as banal as driving with out a license to as severe as rape, baby sexual exploitation and homicide.

The group – employed by the NYPD in civilian and uniformed roles – make up a whopping 52% of the at the least 873 metropolis staff arrested over these years.

Almost half of them, or 47%, had been nonetheless employed by the division as of June. Some had been even promoted after their arrests.

Compared, the 2 companies with the best variety of arrests in that very same interval after the NYPD, the FDNY and the Division of Correction, accounted for simply 14% and 12% of arrests, respectively. 

“Police crime happens in all places throughout the nation in companies large and small … These are systemic issues in policing.” 

Bowling Inexperienced State College professor Philip Stinson

At the least 24 members of the NYPD had been arrested a number of instances, some as many as 4 instances, earlier than they had been lastly terminated, or resigned, from the division, data present. At the least 5 of these with a number of arrests, like Smith, had been nonetheless employed by the division, together with two faculty crossing guards and a 911 operator. 

“These are people who’re sworn to uphold the regulation and we anticipate higher of our cops and that’s why it’s an issue,” Bowling Inexperienced State College Professor Philip Stinson, who has been finding out police crime nationwide since 2004, informed The Publish.

“Police crime happens in all places throughout the nation in companies large and small … These are systemic issues in policing.” 

Wealthy Rivera, the policing director for Penns Grove, New Jersey and an professional in officer misconduct, stated the circumstances recognized by The Publish are simply those that acquired reported. 

“There’s extra on the market than what’s being reported clearly due to the best way regulation enforcement deal with one another. Quite a lot of instances officers give one another breaks unnecessarily,” Rivera stated. 

“We really know learn how to break the regulation very properly. We implement the regulation, we all know what the parameters are and a few folks tread that line very carefully and a few folks cross it.” 

The Publish’s years-long investigation into officer arrests concerned police data, court docket data, information studies, interviews, law-enforcement sources, scholarly articles and different publicly accessible paperwork. 

Second probabilities

Of the 16 officers who had been accused of fireable offenses and located responsible of them internally, however nonetheless stored their jobs, three pleaded responsible to the crimes in state court docket — two to drunk driving and the opposite to disorderly conduct. The remainder of the circumstances had already been sealed when The Publish inquired about them.

Amongst them was Sgt. Edel Sanchez – whose felony home violence case is sealed within the court docket system — however who was discovered responsible of the conduct internally by an NYPD administrative trial decide.

The NYPD’s inside administrative opinions of cops who’ve been arrested occurs both on the similar time the case performs out in legal court docket or after. The division determines whether or not the officer was convicted of or engaged in conduct thought of a misdemeanor or felony crime underneath state or federal regulation. They apply a decrease commonplace of proof than the “past an inexpensive doubt” commonplace in legal trials. 

Sanchez was charged with felony strangulation, assault and harassment for allegedly pinning down his spouse and choking her of their Queens house in February 2018. Sanchez, who’d been with the division for nearly 14 years on the time, allegedly grew to become enraged when his spouse didn’t wake him up and produce him to mattress whereas he was asleep on the sofa “like a canine” after an evening of consuming.  

Throughout his division trial, Sanchez claimed his spouse falsely accused him. 

Whereas it’s unclear how his legal case was resolved, an NYPD trial decide in April 2021 discovered Sanchez responsible of choking his spouse and decided her story to be credible, noting particularly the seen bruises she had on her physique after she reported the incident. 

Officer Philip Case was arrested for menacing in 2019 after he allegedly pulled a gun on Kevin Skervin in a highway rage incident.

However as an alternative of termination, the division docked Sanchez’s pay 26 days, took away 30 trip days and positioned him on dismissal probation for a yr the place he can be fired if he broke every other division guidelines.

He’s at the moment again to full responsibility together with his division firearm, understanding of the transit bureau’s anti-terrorism unit. 

“I want I might be capable to speak about this and reply your questions however I can’t,” Sanchez informed The Publish when requested concerning the arrest. 

The cop who pleaded responsible to disorderly conduct, Officer Philip Case, was additionally allowed to maintain his job even after being discovered responsible of the conduct internally, as properly.

Case, then 49, was busted for menacing in Sept. 2019 after he allegedly pulled a gun on Kevin Skervin in a Queens road-rage incident and threatened to “shoot and homicide” him whereas pointing his weapon at him and one other passenger, Tomas Ortega Martinez. On the time, Case had been working a aspect gig for the US Open match with out the division’s permission.

A couple of month-and-a-half after the incident, the NYPD discovered that Case had displayed a gun throughout an argument and was responsible of menacing, harassment, wrongful risk of power and off-duty employment with out permission. They docked his trip days and put him on dismissal probation. 

In court docket, he pleaded responsible to disorderly conduct, a violation and never a criminal offense, which allowed the case to be sealed. 

Lately, Case is again to full responsibility together with his division firearm on the 79th precinct in Brooklyn and denies that he pulled out his gun and threatened Skervin and Martinez. He’s at the moment embroiled in a civil lawsuit introduced by the 2 males. 

Case pleaded responsible to disorderly conduct and was allowed to maintain his job.Gabriella Bass

“We had a bit of highway dispute. I cursed him out, he cursed me out. He stated I had a firearm. My gun was at house,” Case informed The Publish Tuesday, including he’s grateful to be again to full responsibility.

“There was no proof of what I did. They simply went together with it.”

Quite a few different circumstances present an analogous pattern:

Police Officer Jeffrey Augustin was busted for allegedly choking his spouse and threatening to kill her after getting right into a battle over cash in Nov. 2017 on Staten Island. The case is sealed within the court docket system however practically two years later, an inside administrative overview discovered he had assaulted somebody twice and made a harassing cellphone name. He was suspended with out pay for 13 days, ordered to bear counseling and positioned on dismissal probation for a yr. Lately, he’s again to full responsibility, understanding of the 84th precinct. He didn’t return a request for remark. Police Officer Victor Cruz was busted for assault for allegedly attacking his girlfriend in April 2018 in Manhattan. The case is sealed however internally, he was discovered responsible of assault and he was ordered to bear counseling, positioned on dismissal probation and was docked a lot of suspension days. Lately, he’s again to full responsibility, understanding of the forty fourth precinct. He didn’t return a request for remark. Police Officer Anthony Amirally was arrested in Dec. 2018 in The Bronx for allegedly choking his mother throughout a battle on the household’s house. The costs had been later dropped after the mother refused to cooperate and the case is now sealed however an inside administrative overview discovered he was responsible of assault. He was ordered to bear counseling, positioned on dismissal probation for 12 months and docked 32 suspension days. Lately, he’s again to full responsibility, understanding of the twenty eighth precinct. He didn’t return a request for remark. Det. Aliskender Raji was arrested for assault and legal mischief in Feb. 2020 in Queens for allegedly kicking his spouse and smashing her cellular phone. The case was sealed however an inside administrative overview discovered he was responsible of assault and legal mischief and he was ordered to bear counseling, positioned on dismissal probation for 12 months and docked 14 suspension days. Lately, he’s again to full responsibility, understanding of the division’s legal intelligence part. He didn’t return a request for remark. Police Officer Chon Huang was arrested for assault in Could 2019 in Brooklyn for allegedly punching an e-bike driver who nearly clipped his daughter. The case is sealed however internally, he was discovered responsible of assault and he was positioned on dismissal probation, and docked 30 suspension days. Lately, he’s again to full responsibility, understanding of Brooklyn’s 94th precinct. He declined remark.

Low conviction charges, sweetheart offers

Of the 908 whole arrests involving metropolis workers tracked by The Publish between 2017 and 2021, simply 21 are nonetheless pending within the court docket system. There may be little data accessible concerning the circumstances that had been adjudicated, as a result of the overwhelming majority of them are sealed.

Instances are sealed when the cost is dismissed, the district legal professional declined to prosecute or the defendant pled to a violation comparable to disorderly conduct, which isn’t a criminal offense. It may possibly additionally occur when the case ends with an adjournment in contemplation of dismissal (ACD), the place the decide orders that the fees be wiped so long as the accused stays out of bother for a sure time interval, normally six to 12 months. 

The majority of the circumstances in opposition to NYPD employees concerned violent and home violence-related offenses which are grounds for automated termination, together with assault, harassment, aggravated harassment, menacing and strangulation. 

Below New York state regulation, any officer that’s criminally convicted of a felony, or a misdemeanor that violates their oath of workplace – comparable to perjury, official misconduct, bribery, menacing, stalking, assault or aggravated harassment – is robotically terminated however nonetheless could also be entitled to their pension. 

Any regulation enforcement officer accused of most home violence offenses robotically faces termination as a result of, underneath federal regulation, anybody convicted of such a criminal offense can’t have a firearm, which might preclude them from police work. 

Nevertheless, the final chance that NYPD workers will see a conviction on such offenses are slim. Between 2017 and 2021, circumstances involving NYPD workers led to convictions about 26% of the time, primarily for DWI offenses — in comparison with 38% of most people who had been prosecuted within the 5 boroughs throughout that very same time interval. 

Different metropolis staff, like academics and firefighters, had been additionally extra seemingly than their NYPD counterparts to see convictions within the court docket system, with a median of 31% of circumstances leading to convictions.

The NYPD’s disciplinary matrix states cops might nonetheless be penalized internally or fired after an arrest, no matter what occurs in court docket.

However a 2016 examine on police crime revealed by Stinson discovered cops are six instances extra prone to lose their jobs in violence-related circumstances if the officer is in the end convicted in legal court docket. 

“Prosecutors, to have the ability to do their day by day bread and butter work, they depend on cops displaying up in court docket and cooperating with them on prosecutions, the run of the mill legal circumstances, simply the day by day grind of prosecutors,” stated Stinson, who is taken into account the main professional on police crime.

“I believe that in some situations, prosecutors are very reluctant in any method to piss off the police … so in circumstances that aren’t getting loads of media consideration particularly, I believe it’s extremely seemingly that cops usually tend to get favorable outcomes than different defendants would of their legal circumstances.” 

I had the proof … it was nonetheless not sufficient

When Melissa’s boyfriend NYPD Police Officer Christopher Valencia strangled her, held her prisoner, busted her lip and bit her so exhausting on her leg, it drew blood, she was assured the case would reach court docket. 

In any case, she was a police officer herself and he or she believed she had the proof essential to carry a case – images of her accidents, textual content messages of him admitting to the crimes and witnesses who noticed elements of the assaults.

“As a cop I knew I had the proof that I would want and apparently it was nonetheless not sufficient,” Melissa, now 27, informed The Publish in a latest interview, asking that she solely be recognized by her first title.

The Publish reviewed images of Melissa’s accidents and textual content messages from Valencia admitting to the assaults.

Officer Christopher Valencia strangled his girlfriend, held her hostage, and bit her.

When Melissa reported the assaults in Jan. 2021, which occurred on two separate events in Queens and in Suffolk County, Lengthy Island a couple of yr prior, prosecutors on the Queens County District Lawyer’s Public Corruption Bureau had been reluctant to attempt the case, she alleged. 

The assistant district legal professional assigned to the case requested her, “Properly did you ask for that?” and informed her that to an outsider, her accidents “simply seem like tough intercourse,” Melissa alleged. 

“She’s like, ‘You’re a cop you get it’ and I’m like, ‘I do know I’m a cop however no I didn’t ask for him to do that to me,’” Melissa recalled. 

“They stated that if he acquired charged with [a domestic violence related offense] he would lose his job. I stated ‘he shouldn’t have the job’ …  she’s like, ‘Properly I can’t simply be OK with that as a result of he’s a cop.’

“Each time I left there I used to be simply hysterical crying. They made me really feel like I used to be doing the incorrect factor and I felt they had been simply making an attempt to guard him as a result of he was a police officer … they didn’t need extra poor consideration on the police division.” 

Melissa was ready to go to trial and had quite a few trial prep dates with prosecutors — however quickly realized they determined to supply Valencia an ACD after he accomplished 26 home violence/anger administration remedy periods, which might seal the case after a yr.

She informed them she didn’t agree with the choice and nonetheless needed to maneuver forward with trial, however was informed the matter was settled.

“Every thing was there, I had all of the proof, I knew what he did wasn’t proper and I knew I used to be ready and for them to simply make a deal … I simply felt so defeated,” stated Melissa, who has since left the NYPD and moved to North Carolina. 

“It scares me that sooner or later he’ll have a gun once more and might be interacting with the general public.” 

Valencia remains to be employed by the NYPD on modified responsibility practically two years after his arrest. It’s unclear if there are any inside disciplinary proceedings in opposition to Valencia at the moment underway. He didn’t return a request for remark. 

In response, a spokesperson for the Queens County District Lawyer’s Workplace stated “the disposition was applicable.” 

“With these details and two events who weren’t cops, the result would have been precisely the identical,” the spokesperson stated. “When the 2019 crime was reported by the complainant [a year and a half] later, the defendant was charged in accordance with the details of the case.”  

The workplace stated the accidents — together with bitemarks left completely etched on Melissa’s legs — didn’t meet the usual for felony assault.

Past the 16 officers discovered responsible internally but nonetheless employed, Valencia is one in every of 31 cops recognized by The Publish who’ve stored their jobs after they had been accused of fireable offenses. However he, just like the others, noticed favorable outcomes within the court docket system. Any inside disciplinary measures in opposition to them are both unclear or underway. 

Valencia remains to be employed by the NYPD on modified responsibility practically two years after his arrest.

Amongst them can also be Police Officer Ernie Moran, who confronted automated termination after he was charged with aggravated harassment and stalking on July 8, 2020 for sending his ex-girlfriend a number of textual content messages stating “he was outdoors her home” and “had his firearm and would kill whoever she was with.” 

Moran, then 34, had been dumped three months prior however continued to name his ex “a number of instances each day,” confirmed up at her home after she requested him to cease contacting her and as soon as acquired right into a battle with a person he thought she was relationship. 

The sufferer informed cops she was afraid for her security as a result of Moran had allegedly bodily abused her all through their relationship. 

In Dec. 2021, Moran pleaded to fourth-degree legal mischief, which isn’t an oath-violating offense, and was sentenced to $22,000 in restitution, court docket data present. 

Almost a yr after his conviction, he’s nonetheless employed with the NYPD, engaged on modified responsibility out of a Bronx courthouse and gathering tens of 1000’s of {dollars} in time beyond regulation and further compensation. 

It’s unclear if there are any inside disciplinary proceedings in opposition to Moran at the moment underway. He didn’t return a request for remark. 

Officer Ernie Moran was charged with aggravated harassment and stalking on July 8, 2020.

“Officers who’re convicted, even officers convicted of misdemeanors, I’d argue shouldn’t be cops,” stated Stinson. 

“They violated the general public belief and now we have to work exhausting to take care of police accountability but additionally police legitimacy and if the citizenry doesn’t view their cops as legit due to officers who had been being convicted of misdemeanors are nonetheless working it might result in erosion within the belief in police.” 

Convoluted, nepotistic disciplinary system

Within the case of Smith, the disposition of her 2011 arrest is unclear and the 2017 bust on assault prices is sealed. Following her June 2020 arrest for drunk driving, she pleaded responsible to driving whereas impaired and her license was suspended for 90 days. 

She was disciplined internally over her 2017 bust for assault the place she was discovered responsible of an off-duty bodily altercation and positioned on dismissal probation for 12 months, ordered to bear breath testing and docked 30 days pay. 

Regardless that Smith’s third arrest was greater than two years in the past, she was solely suspended with out pay in the beginning of November, and is now “at the moment separating from the division,” an NYPD spokesperson claimed this week. 

Smith’s division trial wrapped up in July, the spokesperson stated. She’d been on modified responsibility and gathering her paycheck as just lately as November 1.

For years, the NYPD’s disciplinary course of was criticized for a myriad of causes and shrouded in secrecy, prompting an overhaul of the system in Jan. 2021 that sought to enhance “equity and efficacy” and scale back inconsistencies and oversights.

Dr. Keith Taylor, a former NYPD Inside Affairs supervisor who’s now an Adjunct Assistant Professor at John Jay Faculty of Legal Justice, stated the division had “historic points with sure teams getting disparate remedy” over others when it got here to self-discipline and famous that nepotism had lengthy performed a job. 

In a single case recognized by The Publish, Lt. Marykate Mullan was assigned to the NYPD’s Inside Affairs Squad and had been with the division for practically 20 years when she was arrested for drunk driving after moving into an accident in March 2017 in Queens. 

She pleaded responsible to driving whereas impaired and an inside administrative overview additionally discovered she had pushed drunk. She was positioned on dismissal probation, ordered to bear counseling, docked 20 trip days and suspended with out pay for 23 days, amongst different penalties. 

Regardless of the conviction, Mullan was not demoted or terminated and as an alternative, was given a discretionary “particular task” promotion about three years later.

The promotion got here with a wage improve, which bumped her whole pay with time beyond regulation from $159,676 in 2019 to $218,362 in 2020 and $226,050 in 2021 till she left the division the next yr. She declined remark.

Det. Michael Gries was busted for drunken driving in Brooklyn in Oct. 2017, a couple of yr and a half after he’d been promoted to the rank, and was convicted of the offense and later discovered responsible of it internally as properly. 

He was positioned on dismissal probation, ordered to bear counseling and docked 10 trip days, amongst different penalties. 

Regardless of the conviction, he was by no means demoted from his position and as an alternative, was promoted to a second-grade detective someday between 2021 and 2022. He didn’t return a request for remark. 

“There are specific teams which will have extra connections … they’ve those who they’ll attain out to each within the govt degree in addition to the political class who may also help them with these [cases],” defined Taylor. 

“Another teams might not have entry to that sort of energy to intercede within the disciplinary course of.” 

Compared, Det. John Glynn was demoted after his drunk driving bust in 2019. 

Glynn, whose Jan. 2019 case is sealed within the court docket system, was demoted to the rank of police officer in Feb. 2020 after a yr and a half as a detective. He didn’t remark when reached by The Publish.

“He might not have had any associates in excessive locations,” Taylor stated. 

Whereas every officer arrest is dealt with on a case-by-case foundation internally, Taylor stated such situations of disparate remedy are one of many explanation why the disciplinary matrix was reformed in 2021. 

The outcomes of the reform are a convoluted labyrinth of “presumptive penalties,” “mitigated” and “aggravated” penalties for a variety of offenses, each legal and inside, that just about all the time come all the way down to the police commissioner’s discretion.

Officers who deny the fees in opposition to them can contest them in an inside trial however the course of can take years and within the meantime, they’re allowed to stay on modified responsibility and accumulate their full salaries.

Lt. Marykate Mullan was not demoted or terminated after pleading responsible to drunk driving in 2017.Steve White

Regardless of the reforms, connections inside the police division nonetheless seem to prevail. 

Det. Nalik Zeigler, whose dad and mom had been two NYPD bigwigs – former NYPD Deputy Commissioner of Equal Employment Alternative Neldra Zeigler and former Chief of Neighborhood Affairs Douglas Zeigler – was busted for drunk driving and allegedly crashing into parked automobiles in Oct. 2018 in Manhattan simply weeks after his doubtful promotion to second-grade detective seven years into his NYPD profession.

He pleaded responsible to drunk driving internally and was positioned on dismissal probation, amongst different penalties — but it surely took three years for the case to maneuver by the courts.

By then, the disciplinary reforms had been already in place and underneath the present requirements, drunk driving with aggravating elements, comparable to crashing into automobiles and inflicting property harm, might result in termination, or on the very least a demotion. 

As a substitute, greater than a yr after Zeigler was discovered responsible in legal court docket of drunk driving, he’s but to be demoted or face every other identified inside self-discipline and stays on the division’s soft Intelligence Bureau.

He didn’t remark when reached by The Publish. 

Rotten to the core

To know why NYPD workers usually tend to be arrested than their fellow metropolis staff, Dr. Thomas Coghlan stated the issue lies inside the division internally. 

The medical psychologist, who’s a retired NYPD detective and a therapist for members of regulation enforcement, first responders and their households, pointed to the excessive charge of civilian arrests inside the division as proof of a bigger, inside breakdown. 

“The priority is with the division as an entity, as an employer, proper? Why does this employer symbolize this disproportionate piece of the info?” stated Coghlan, who can also be an adjunct professor of forensic psychology at John Jay Faculty of Legal Justice. 

“The division is a poisonous office, it’s a poisonous cesspool that whenever you sit in it lengthy sufficient, you turn out to be poisonous.” 

Coghlan stated the interior stress that comes from working for the NYPD, each in civilian and uniformed roles, results in a “whirlwind of maladaptive coping mechanisms” and regarding behaviors that “leads us down the highway to arrests.” 

Quite a lot of that stress comes from the problems highlighted in a Publish exposé concerning the explanation why officers are leaving the division in droves, together with pressured time beyond regulation, poor work life steadiness and the NYPD’s historical past of nepotism.

“Punitive paradigms, draconian insurance policies and autocratic hierarchical system, nepotistic conduct … we all know that the company created stressors, the organizational stressors, that’s the place the stress in police work actually exists,” stated Coghlan, citing analysis. 

If you couple organizational stressors with the final stress and trauma of being a police officer, occupational stressors like mandated time beyond regulation and canceled days off, and add in household and social stressors, “it’s like gasoline on a hearth,” stated Coghlan. 

“You turn out to be bodily and mentally exhausted, you develop a heightened sense of pessimism and cynicism, low sense of success, low sense of efficacy inside your job roles,” defined Coghlan. 

“Then that conduct comes house with you, your temper decompensates, you develop a extra apathetic temper to issues, you develop a extra detached temper and that permeates all through your character … Working in that kind of construction lengthy sufficient causes an incredible quantity of discord in folks’s private lives.”

Whereas getting arrested can have a big influence on an officer’s credibility, on the finish of the day, cops are “human beings” with “human behaviors” who’re “completely” able to rehabilitation, argued Rivera. 

“There’s positively a highway to redemption,” stated Rivera. 

“It could be a humbling expertise for the person, you may completely rehabilitate an officer. What turns into problematic is that if the officer has no credibility or their truthfulness has been delivered to query. Which you can’t come again from.” 

Officer Samantha Medina was busted for DWI and leaving the scene of an accident that brought about accidents in 2018.Steven Hirsch

In response to The Publish’s investigation, an NYPD spokesperson stated worker arrests are a “extreme” concern to the division as a result of “our members are anticipated to exhibit greater requirements than most people given their career and the duties they carry out every day.”

“When a member is arrested, not solely do they face the potential penalties of the legal justice system, however they’re topic to further, and fervent, scrutiny from our inside investigations and by our disciplinary system, the place applicable,” the spokesperson stated. 

“Many of the occasions referenced [by The Post] occurred earlier than the establishment of the NYPD Disciplinary Matrix, which took impact in January 2021, and was the product of a collaborative effort with the CCRB and different stakeholders to make sure consistency in our course of and that applicable penalties are meted out – together with termination, when crucial. The Matrix will not be a static doc and might be amended to handle issues and patterns seen inside the disciplinary course of.”

Extra reporting by Desheania Andrews, Reuven Fenton and Kevin Sheehan

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